Mastery in Servitude

ONLY THE ONE AVATAR who returns time and again. India, the land of the Avatar, where Lord Vishnu, the supreme protector in Hinduism, descends to Earth in various human incarnations. He came as Rama and Krishna, embodiments of Vishnu come to restore cosmic balance and uphold dharma (righteousness). Vishnu is part of the holy trinity, alongside Shiva, the destroyer, and Brahma, the creator. Each incarnation of the avatar (a Sanskrit term meaning "descent") including Buddha, represents Vishnu's divine intervention in human form, differing with each descent.

India, the land of Spiritual Masters and Saints throughout the ages. A country where the pursuit of spiritual enlightenment has been a central focus, The spiritual bliss of India can truly be felt by the countless earnest seekers of God. The essence of India has made it a sanctuary for those on a quest for spiritual growth.



cotton harvest






















Shivaji horseback

Shivaji Maharaj and the Maratha Empire.

Shivaji was the founding father of the Maratha Kingdom in India. Shivaji Maharaj established his own independent kingdom, emerging from the declining Adilshahi Sultanate. Shivaji means Shiva. Shivaji was a minor incarnation of the Avatar.

Shivaji was born, 1630, in Shivneri Fort, near Pune, in the present-day Indian state of Maharashtra. He was the son of Shahaji Bhosale, a Maratha general in the service of the Deccan Sultanates, and Jijabai, a deeply religious woman who had a profound influence on Shivaji. Shivaji's early years were marked by the turmoil of the Deccan region, dominated by various warring factions. He spent a significant part of his childhood in Pune, where he received education in statecraft and military tactics under the guidance of Dadaji Konddeo.

At the age of 16 Shivaji carried out his first military action by capturing the Torna Fort of the Bijapur Sultanate. He pioneered guerilla tactics, which utilized the mountainous terrain of the Western Ghats to his advantage against his enemies, primarily the Mughals and the Adilshahis. Through a series of conquests and strategic alliances, Shivaji established the Maratha Kingdom, challenging the dominance of the Mughal Empire in the region. Shivaji fought with 27 enemies including the Mughals, English, Dutch at different places and raised a Naval base in the sea.

Shivaji was known for his progressive and efficient administrative system, which included modernizing the military, pioneering naval forces, and establishing a fair and competent governance structure. Despite being a devout Hindu, he was known for his respect towards other religions, ensuring religious freedom in his empire. His rule was marked by a welfare-oriented approach, focusing on the well-being and prosperity of his subjects.

  • Shivaji’s formal coronation as the king of his realm took place in 1674, where he was titled 'Chhatrapati'. He continued to expand his empire while maintaining diplomatic relations with other rulers
  • Shivaji passed away in 1680, leaving behind a well-established kingdom and a legacy that would inspire future generations He is credited with laying the foundations of the Indian Navy, setting up a number of naval bases along the Konkan coast.
  • Shivaji is a hero and a symbol of Maratha pride and nationalism. Shivaji Maharaj's legacy is remembered for his military acumen, innovative governance, and the establishment of a Hindu kingdom at a time when the Mughal Empire was at its zenith. His life and accomplishments continue to inspire and hold significant cultural and historical importance in India.

Shivaji, a contemporary of Samarth Ramdas, was deeply influenced by his teachings. Ramdas was a Perfect Master of his time. Ramdas's influence is said to have reinforced Shivaji's sense of duty, ethics, and commitment to dharma (righteousness). Shivaji followed his own judgment throughout his career. Shivaji is said to have offered his entire kingdom to Ramdas, who in turn asked Shivaji to rule the kingdom in his name, promoting the idea of just and righteous governance.


Ahilya Holkar and the Maratha Empire 1747

Ahilya Holkar further expanded and sustained these advancements in the 1700s. She was a prominent and revered ruler in Indian history, particularly noted for her contributions to the Maratha Empire in the 18th century. Born in 1725 in the village of Chondi in present-day Maharashtra, Ahilyabai was married to Khanderao Holkar, the son of Malhar Rao Holkar, the founder of the Holkar dynasty in the region of Indore. Following her husband's death and later, her father-in-law's, Ahilyabai effectively took the reins of the Holkar state in 1767.

Ahilyabai Holkar's reign is distinguished by her exceptional administrative skills and her commitment to the welfare of her people. She continued Shivaji Maharaj's legacy of progressive governance in Maharashtra. Under her rule, the kingdom prospered, witnessing significant development in infrastructure, including the construction of roads, bridges, wells, and reservoirs to enhance trade and agriculture. Ahilyabai was also a great patron of art and culture, commissioning many temples and Dharamshalas (rest houses), including the famous ones at Somnath, Dwarka, and the Kashi Vishwanath Temple at Varanasi.

Her governance was marked by a deep sense of justice, compassion, and an egalitarian approach, as she worked tirelessly for the upliftment of the poor and downtrodden. Ahilyabai abolished the practice of Sati and fought against the caste system and discrimination. The British later made Sati officially abolished in all India in 1829.

The British Raj Ruled 1847 - 1947

The British Crown took over direct control of India after the Indian Rebellion of 1857 against the East India Company, leading to the establishment of the British Raj, which lasted until Indian independence in 1947. The Indian National Congress and Mahatma Gandhi pushed for independence through political campaigns. In 1947, Lord Mountbatten was appointed as the last Viceroy of India with the mandate to oversee the transition of British India to independence by the partition of India into two countries: India and Pakistan. The economic and human costs of World War II had weakened the British Empire significantly. Britain faced immense pressure both internationally and domestically to decolonize.

Dravidian and Adivasi Cultures are testament to the incredible diversity and the resilience of indigenous and historical populations. They have preserved their unique cultures and traditions.

Dravidian People are believed to have been the inhabitants of the Indus Valley Civilization (IVC), also known as the Harappan Civilization, was one of the world's earliest urban cultures. The aborigines of India were pre-Dravidian. The Dravidians have made significant contributions to Indian society, particularly in the fields of architecture, literature, and the arts. The Dravidian architectural style is renowned worldwide. Classical literature in Dravidian languages, has made lasting contributions to Indian and world literature. Dravidian politics and social movements have also played crucial roles in shaping the modern socio-political landscape. The Indus Valley Civilization is named after the Indus River, where the first of its cities were discovered. The civilization is renowned for its urban planning, including the world's first known urban sanitation systems. Cities like Harappa and Mohenjo-Daro were built with grid patterns, public and private baths, sophisticated drainage systems, The Drividians inhabited India way before the arrival of the Indo-Aryans from the North, around 1,500 BCE. The decline of the Indus Valley Civilization began around 1900 BCE.

Adivasi Peoples history predates the arrival of the Aryans in India and encompasses a wide range of ethnic and tribal groups. Adivasis have a deep connection with the land and nature, with their societies traditionally organized around forests and hills where they practice shifting cultivation, hunting, and gathering. Known for their rich cultural traditions, including unique forms of art, dance, music, and storytelling that reflect their deep reverence for nature. Their social structures, rituals, and festivals often emphasize community cohesion and a spiritual connection to the environment. Adivasis arrived in the Indian sub-continent region during the great human migration from Africa and later spread over the Indian sub-continent, this is most clearly seen in the mitochondrial DNA, which tracks the female line of descent to the continent of Africa.


AVATAR IN INDIA The Avatars' five Advents in India.

INDIA PILGRIMAGE Sarnath, Ayodhya, Mathura, Kashmir

KRISHNA in DWARKA His Kingdom now under the sea.

'MEHER BABA'S NEW LIFE' JOURNEY Belgaum to Dehradun.




SPIRITUAL VARANASI Temples and the River Ganges

VARANASI 'HOTELS' Walking impaired, w/elevators


INDIA TIGER A tigress in Ranthambore.


HIMALAYAS JOURNEY Shimla. Kinnaur Valley. Tabo Gompa

HIMALAYAN VALLEYS Kinnaur. Spiti. Tabo Gompa. Kye


INDIA COTTON Cotton khadi, organic cotton, Handspun.

INDIA WOOL Kashmir. Rajasthan. Handloom. Embroidery.

INDIA SILKS Types and methods of silk farming. Sarees.

CHIKANKARI AND LINEN Lucknow embroidery. Bhagalpur.


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Elena lives in Puerto Rico but has traveled extensively in Northern India since 1975, until 2017. The India of my heart. I received all that Baba showed me of the beautiful spiritual India. I can't keep looking for something that doesn't exist anymore.....
Oh, how I loved it.

Elenas India stories: PERSONAL STORIES